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HORTICULTURE AND SERICULTURE

The major Horticulture crops grown in the district are fruit crops like Mango, Acid Lime, Sapota, Spices Turmeric, Chilli and Vegetables. The Major Irrigation sources for Horticulture Crops are Open wells and Bore wells.

Schemes being implemented by Horticulture & Sericulture Department

  1. Telangana State Micro Irrigation Project (TSMIP)
  2. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
  • State Plan
  1. Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
  2. Sericulture
  3. National Bamboo Mission (NBM)

VII. Sub-Mission of Agro Forestry (SMAF)

  1. Telangana State Micro Irrigation Project (TSMIP) :

Objectives of Micro Irrigation Project:

  • Productivity enhancement & Quality improvement.
  • Improving water& Fertilizer use efficiency.
  • Improving Energy & Labour efficiency.
  • Produce more with less water.

Advantages of Micro Irrigation:

  • Water saving.
  • Enhanced plant growth and yield.
  • Saving in labour and energy.
  • Most suitable to poor soils.
  • Control of weeds.
  • Economy in cultural practices and easy operations.
  • Possibility of using saline water.
  • Improves fertilizer efficiency.
  • Flexibility in operation.
  • No soil erosion.
  • No land preparation.
  • Minimized the diseases and pest problems.

 Components of Micro Irrigation:

  • Drip Irrigation for wide spaced crops (Online)
  • Drip Irrigation for closed spaced crops (Inline)
  • Mini & Micro Sprinklers

Portable, Semi Permanent sprinklers

Subsidy Pattern:

All category farmers in revenue village irrespective of their economic status are eligible for Drip Irrigation / Micro Irrigation systems up to 5 ha or land holding possessed by the farmers in Title Deed, whichever is less, with the following subsidy pattern:

  • All SC/ST Farmers are eligible for 100% subsidy.
  • All BC farmers are eligible for 90% subsidy.
  • All Small/Marginal farmers irrespective of farmer category are eligible for 90% subsidy.
  • All big farmers of other caste are eligible for 80%.
  • Portable Sprinklers for all category farmers are eligible for 75% subsidy limited to 1 ha in case of Portable sprinklers 75% subsidy. Unit cost Rs.17,838/-, subsidy Rs.12503/- and Non Subsidy Rs.5335/-.
  1. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)

             The following schemes are implemented under MIDH

  1. Establishment of New gardens.
  2. 2nd and 3rd year maintenance of newly established gardens.
  3. Creation of water resources – Farm Ponds
  4. Protected Cultivation
  5. a) Mulching
  6. Horticulture Mechanization
  1. Power Saws
  2. Tractor Mounted Sprayers
    1. Front Line Demonstrations –Mango and Dragon fruit.

Pattern of Assistance

Sl. No Item Crop Pattern of Assistance
1 Area Expansion of Fruit Crops Mango

40% subsidy of the total cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 16,400/-ha limited to 4 ha per beneficiary.

1st Year : Rs. 9,840/-,

2nd Year : Rs. 3,280/-

3rd Year : Rs. 3,280/-

  Guava

40% subsidy of the total cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 29,331/-ha limited to 4 ha per beneficiary.

1st Year : Rs.17,600/-,

2nd Year : Rs. 5,866/-

3rd Year : Rs. 5,866/-

  Acid Lime

40% subsidy of the total cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 17,003/-ha limited to 4 ha per beneficiary.

1st Year : Rs.9,601/-,

2nd Year : Rs. 3,701/-

3rd Year : Rs. 3,701/-

2 Farm Ponds Horticulture Crops 50% subsidy of the total cost limited to Rs.75,000/- for individual Farm Ponds.
3 Protected Cultivation (Mulching) Horticulture Crops 50% subsidy of the total cost limited to Rs.16,000/- per Ha. for each beneficiary maximum 2 Ha.
4 Horticulture Mechanization    
a) Power Saws Fruit Crops 40 % of the Cost, Subject to a maximum of Rs.1.00 lakh/unit for general category farmers and 50% of the Cost in case of SC, ST, Small and marginal farmers, women farmers, subject to max. of Rs.1.25 lakh per unit.
b) Tractor Mounted Sprayer Fruit Crops 40% of the Cost, subject to a maximum of Rs.0.50 lakh/unit for general category farmers and 50% of the cost in the case of SC, ST, Small & Marginal farmers, women farmers, subject of a maximum of Rs. 0.63 lakh/unit.

5

Ultra High Density with raised bed technology & weed mat Mango Unit Cost Rs. 3.67 Lakhs per Ha.75% subsidy i.e., Rs.2.75 lakhs per Ha.
  1. STATE PLAN
  2. a) POLY HOUSE

       AIM OF SCHEME:

  1. Promotion of high value horticultural crops
  2. Year around production of vegetables and flowers

      SUBSIDY PATTERN:

  • General Farmers: 75% subsidy for construction of Poly Houses up to 3 acres.

For Poly House Unit Cost Rs. 33.76 Lakhs, Subsidy limited to Rs.25.32 Lakhs, Non Subsidy Rs.8.44 Lakhs

  • SC/ST Farmers: 95% subsidy for construction of Poly Houses up to 3 acres.

For Poly House Unit Cost Rs. 33.76 Lakhs, Subsidy limited to Rs.32.07 Lakhs, Non Subsidy Rs.1.69 Lakhs

  • Assistance for Plant Material, Bed preparation and Inputs for all category farmers 75% subsidy. The assistance may vary depending on the high value horticulture crops grown in the Poly House.

Mandal wise Poly Houses in Mahabubabad District

Sl. No. Name of the Mandal No. of Ben. Area in Acres
1 Thorrur 4 4.00
2 Kuravi 1 0.51
3 Nellikudur 1 0.81
  Total 6 5.28
  1. b) NET HOUSE

AIM OF SCHEME:

  1. To enhance the productivity per unit area
  2. Year around production of vegetables and flowers

SUBSIDY PATTERN

  • SC/ST Farmers : 95% subsidy for construction of Net Houses

For Net House Unit Cost Rs. 10.89 Lakhs, Subsidy limited to Rs.10.35 Lakhs, Non Subsidy Rs.0.54 Lakhs

  • Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)

1) Permanent Pandal

Aims and Objectives:

  1. Promotion of creeper vegetables like gourds on pandals.
  2. Enhancing the productivity of creeper vegetables per unit area.
  3. Enhancing quality of vegetable produce by reduced pest & disease incidence.
  4. To support the farmers to establish permanent pandals for creeper vegetable cultivation

Pattern of Assistance:

1) 50% assistance on total construction cost of the Permanent pandal, subject to maximum of  Rs.1,00,000/- per Acre.

 2) Protected cultivation – Mulching

Aims and Objectives:

  • To encourage the Horticulture farmers towards plastic mulching in cultivation of horticulture crops.

      Pattern of Assistance:

                         50% assistance, subject to maximum of   Rs.16,000/- per Ha.

  1. SERICULTURE

          Sericulture in Mahabubabad is a sustainable farm based economic enterprise positively favouring the rural poor in the unorganized sector because of its relatively low requirement of fixed capital, and higher returns at frequent intervals on investment.  One acre of mulberry generates a steady income to a farmer with an average of Rs.1,00,000/-annually in 4 to 5 crops. The industry has an immense potential of generating employment for not less than (5) persons per acre throughout the year, both directly and indirectly.  An important feature of Sericulture industry is involvement of female labour for more than 60% in silkworm rearing and cocoon reeling, which are critical operations in the silk production.

          In Mahabubabad District Mulberry Cocoons is produced by the farmers. Mulberry cocoons are produced by raising mulberry plantations and conducting silk worm rearing in their holdings. The Department arrange the required inputs and extend technical guidance to the farmers from time to time. 

  • A preferred alternate cash crop to the water stressed areas.
  • Sericulture gets regular monthly income to the sericulture farmers.
    • Sericulture is a predominantly a women-centric and economic cash crop.
    • Mulberry crop has less demand on chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
    • Suitable for small and marginal farmers, having limited land holdings.
    • Mulberry can be grown as an intercrop with other Horticulture crops.

          MULBERRY:

          Mulberry is a dry irrigatable crop that can be grown with minimum irrigation facilities. The climatically conditions and soils of Mahabubabad District are also suited for the cultivation of mulberry and silk worm rearing.

  1. NATIONAL BAMBOO MISSION

Bamboo is a versatile group of plants which is capable of providing ecological, economic and livelihood security to the people.

Objectives 

  • To increase the area under bamboo plantation in non forest Government and private lands to supplement farm income and contribute towards resilience to climate change as well as availability of quality raw material requirement of industries. The bamboo plantations will be promoted predominantly in farmers’ fields, homesteads, community lands, arable wastelands, and along irrigation canals, water bodies etc.
  • To improve post-harvest management through establishment of innovative primary processing units near the source of production, primary treatment and seasoning plants, preservation technologies and market infrastructure.
  • To promote product development keeping in view market demand, by assisting R&D, entrepreneurship & business models at micro, small and medium levels and feed bigger industry. 
  • To rejuvenate the under developed bamboo industry in India.
  • To promote skill development, capacity building, awareness generation for development of bamboo sector from production to market demand.
  • To realign efforts so as to reduce dependency on import of bamboo and bamboo products by way of improved productivity and suitability of domestic raw material for industry, so as to enhance income of the primary producers.

Uses of Bamboo

  • Building/ Construction material (Bamboo mat trays, flooring tiles, magazine holders, Bamboo strand lumber, doors, windows, frames, trusses, columns, pole support, furniture, flooring tiles, mat moulded skin for doors)
  • Raw material for pulp and paper industry
  • Furniture (Tables, chairs, Cots, Laptop boards, cabins etc.)
  • Textiles (Shirts, Towels, Tissue papers etc.)
  • Energy Production (Ethanol, Charcoal)

Bamboo boundary plantation (Private/Farmer field):

  • Spacing: 2m x 2m
  • of plants: 130 plants /acre
  • Unit cost: Rs. 240/- per plant = Rs. 240 x 130 = Rs. 31,200/- per acre
  • For farmers (50% subsidy) = Rs. 15,600/- per acre to be given over a period of 3 years
Year Subsidy Amount in Rs. Amount per plant (Rs.)

1st year

50% 7,800 60
2nd year 30% 4,680 36
3rd year 20% 3,120 24
  Total 15,600 120

VII. SUB-MISSION OF AGRO FORESTRY

Objectives

  • SMAF aims to increase greenery, carbon sequestration, organic matter and area.
  • Production of quality plant material.
  • Improvement in rural livelihood.
  • Enhancement of crop and cropping system.
  • Development of information system on area increase.
  • To encourage and expand tree plantations in agriculture farmlands
  • To ensure availability of quality planting material like seeds, seedlings (tissue culture plants) etc.
  • To popularise various Agro forestry practices/ models in farmers fields
  1. Agri Silviculture (Agriculture + Forestry)
  2. Agri Silvipastoral (Agriculture + Forestry + Grass land)
  3. Agri Horti Silviculture (Agriculture + Horticulture + Forestry)
  4. Horti Pastoral (Fruit tress + Grass Lands)
  • To provide extension support and capacity building on cultivation and marketing in Agro forestry sector.
  • Organizing trainings / workshops / exposure visits to the farmers/stakeholders and officials.
  • To create database on structure and setup, information and knowledge support in the area of Agro forestry.

Sandalwood block plantation (Private/ Farmers field)

  • Spacing: 3.5m x 3.5m
  • Plant population: 327 plants /acre
  • Unit cost: Rs. 12,000/- per acre
  • For farmers (50% subsidy) = Rs. 6,000/- per acre to be given over a period of 4 years

Year

Subsidy

Amount in Rs.

Amount per plant (Rs.)

1st year

40%

2,400

7.33

2nd year

20%

1,200

3.66

3rd year

20%

1,200

3.66

4th year

20%

1,200

3.66

 

Total

6,000

18.34

Casuarina:

  • Spacing: 1.5 m x 1.5 m
  • of plants: 1775 per acre
  • Unit cost: Rs. 20,000/- per acre
  • For farmers (50% subsidy) = Rs. 10,000/-

Year

Subsidy

Amount in Rs.

Amount per plant (Rs.)

1st year

40%

4,000

2.25

2nd year

20%

2,000

1.12

3rd year

20%

2,000

1.12

4th year

20%

2,000

1.12

 

Total

10,000

5.63

 

Implementation procedure and guidelines for Horticulture Plantation programme under MGNREGS :

The Horticulture Plantation scheme is being implemented in the lands of SC, STs who have been allotted Govt. assigned lands and are having very small holdings to create permanent assets and to get sustainable income and to improve their lively hoods.

Implementation procedure:

1`. The SC/ST, Small & Marginal farmers who are having below 5 acres of land are to be identified for HPP 2020-21.

2. The identified beneficiaries should have water source.

3. Cluster approach may be adopted with a minimum area of 5-10 acres in each cluster for at least one Horticulture crop.

4. The plantation may be taken up in a cluster mode with assured irrigation mode and if possible integration with Micro Irrigation.

5. The plantation should be completed within the season and to avoid the mortality of the plantations.

6. The identified beneficiaries may procure the plant material from Govt. nurseries/ Govt. approved Private nurseries and the plant material amount will be paid on submission of bills in MCCs and the over and excess/ difference amount of plant material may be paid by the beneficiaries themselves to the concerned Govt. nurseries/Govt. approved Private nurseries.

7. Each Horticulture plantations should have work site board as per specifications given.

Target Group of Beneficiaries :

1. Farmers belonging to SC, ST, Small and Marginal farmers. The maximum area limit is 5 acres to each beneficiary.

2. The SC, ST farmers are being considered under Horticulture plantation programme irrespective of their land holdings and are eligible to take up Horticulture plantation up to 5 acres only under MGNREGS.

3 As per the para no.5 of Schedule I of MGNREGS Act, the works creating individual assets shall be prioritized on land or homestead owned by Households belonging to SC, ST, Nomadic tribes, de notified tribes other families below the poverty line, women headed households, physically handicap headed house holds, beneficiaries of land reforms, beneficiaries under Indira Aawas Yojana, beneficiaries under Schedule tribes and other traditional forest dwellers (Recognition of Forest rights) Act 2006 (2 of 2207) and after exhausting eligible beneficiaries under above category only, the small and marginal farmers may be considered.

Assistance given to the Horticulture Beneficiaries under MGNREGS:

1. Soil sampling charges

2. Cost of pitting

3. Planting & Staking

4. Cost of plant material

5. Cost of fertilizers for (3) years period @ Rs.50/- per plant for each surviving plant. (Maximum of Rs.3500/- per acre per year will be allowed)

6. Watch and ward for maintenance of plantations will be paid @ Rs.15/- per month for each surviving plant for 3 years. ( Rs.0.50paise per plant per day). (Maximum of Rs./- 3000- per month per beneficiary will be allowed irrespective of the land holding).

S.No Crop Name Maximum Area allowed ( in acres) Maintenance charges given for a period of (years) Maintenance charges given per each surviving plant per month (in Rs/)
1 Mango 5 3 Rs.15/-
2. Acidlime 5 3 Rs.15/-
3. Sweet Orange 5 3 Rs.15/-
4. Cashew 5 3 Rs.15/-
5. Guava 5 3 Rs.15/-
6. Custard Apple 5 3 Rs.15/-
7. Sapota 5 3 Rs.15/-
8. Oilpalm 5 3 Rs.15/-
9. Jamun 5 3 Rs.15/-
10. Jamun 2 2 Rs.15/-
11. Jamun 2 2 Rs.15/-
12. Jamun 1 1 Rs.5/-

 

Bund Plantation in Horticulture:

S.No Crop Name Maximum Area allowed ( in acres) Maintenance charges given for a period of (years) Maintenance charges given per each surviving plant per month (in Rs/)
1. Jamun 5 3 Rs.15/-
2. Coconut 1 3 Rs.15/-
3. Custard Apple 5 3 Rs.15/-
4. Tamarind 5 3 Rs.15/-
5. Karonda 1 1 Rs.5/-

 

Different Horticulture Crops allowed under MGNREGS and their specifications :

S.No Crop Name Pit Size (in Cms) Spacing (in Mts) No.of Plants per Acre
1 Mango 90 x 90 x90 7.5 x 7.5 70
2. Acidlime 60 x 60 x 60 6 x 6 110
3. Sweet Orange 60 x 60 x 60 6.3 x 6.3 100
4. Cashew 90 x 90 x90 7.5 x 7.5 70
5. Guava 60 x 60 x 60 6 x 6 110
6. Custard Apple 60 x 60 x 60 5 x 5 160
7. Sapota 90 x 90 x90 8 x 8 60
8. Oilpalm 90 x 90 x90 9 x 9 57
9. Jamun 90 x 90 x90 10 x 10 40
10. Jamun 60 x 60 x 60 5 x 5 160
11. Jamun 60 x 60 x 60 5 x 3 265
12. Jamun 45 x 45 x 45 2.7×1.5 1000

 

Bund Plantation in Horticulture:

S.No Crop Name Pit Size (in Cms) Spacing (in Mts) No.of Plants per Acre
1. Jamun 90 x 90 x90 10 x 10 20
2. Coconut 90 x 90 x90 6 x 6 40
3. Custard Apple 60 x 60 x 60 5 x 5 50
4. Tamarind 90 x 90 x 90 10 x 10 20
5. Karonda 60 x 60 x 60 1.5 x 1.5 160

 

Different Horticulture Crops and their plant cost for the year 2020-21:

S.No Crop Name Plant cost (in Rs/-)
1 Mango 28
2. Acidlime 23
3. Sweet Orange 40
4. Cashew 22
5. Guava 28
6. Custard Apple 24
7. Sapota 34
8. Apple ber 46
9. Pomegranate 22
10. Coconut 33

 

Unit Cost of Horticulture Crops under MGNREGS for the year 2019-20:

S.No Crop Name 1st Year amount in Rs/-) 2nd Year amount (in Rs/-) 3rd Year amount (in Rs/-) TOTAL Unit Cost (In Rs/-)
1 Mango 26252 16100 16100 58452
2. Acidlime 27489 23300 23300 74089
3. Sweet Orange 26547 21500 21500 69547
4. Cashew 24701 16100 16100 56901
5. Guava 29512 23300 23300 76112
6. Custard Apple 37697 32300 32300 102297
7. Sapota 21921 13800 13800 49521
8. Oilpalm 20815 13110 13110 47035
9. Jamun 13319 9200 9200 31719
10. Apple ber 41217 32300 73517
11. Pomegranate 51974 39500 91474
12. Drumstick 47401 47401

 

Bund Plantation in Horticulture:

S.No Crop Name 1st Year amount in Rs/-) 2nd Year amount (in Rs/-) 3rd Year amount (in Rs/-) TOTAL Unit Cost (In Rs/-)
1. Jamun 6758 4600 4600 15958
2. Coconut 15285 9200 9200 33685
3. Custard Apple 13322 11500 11500 36322
4. Tamarind 6758 4600 4600 15958
5. Karonda 28349 2400 30749

MGNREGS:

S.No Crop Name Spacing No. of Plants labour Component(Total Cost (Rs.) Material Component(Total Cost (Rs.) Total Cost(Total Cost (Rs.) No of Mandays
1 Oil Palm (Existing) 9X7.5 57 38124 13055 51179 181
  1st Year Establishment     17604 7355 24959 83
  2nd Year Maintenance     10260 2850 13110 49
  3rd Year Maintenance     17604 7355 24959 83
2. Oil Palm (Proposed) 9X7.5 57 42464 17900 60364 201
  1st Year Establishment     21944 12200 34144 103
  2nd Year Maintenance     10260 2850 13110 49
  3rd Year Maintenance     10260 2850 13110 49
3. Mango 4X3 333 245045 83891 328937 1034
  1st Year Establishment     125165 36286 161452 528
  2nd Year Maintenance     59940 21080 81020 253
  3rd Year Maintenance     59940 26525 86465 253

4

Mango

3X2

666

411965

159840

571805

1738

 

1st Year Establishment

 

 

172205

72560

244765

727

 

2nd Year Maintenance

 

 

119880

39160

159040

506

 

3rd Year Maintenance

 

 

119880

48120

168000

506

5

Guava

3X3

444

274722

91601

366323

1159

 

1st Year Establishment

 

 

114882

38421

153304

485

 

2nd Year Maintenance

 

 

79920

24863

104783

337

 

3rd Year Maintenance

 

 

79920

28317

108237

337

6

Vegetable
Pandals (HPP-VC)

0.50 Acre

 

20500

95200

115700

100

7

Sandalwood + Casuarina (Block)

3.5X1.75

650

192641

40084

232725

812

 

1st Year Establishment

 

 

75641

27604

103245

319

 

2nd Year Maintenance

 

 

39000

5460

44460

165

 

3rd Year Maintenance

 

 

39000

3510

42510

165

 

4th Year Maintenance

 

 

39000

3510

42510

165

8

Casuarina (Block)

1.8X1.8

1234

178398

30189

208587

753

 

1st Year Establishment

 

 

67338

19456

86794

284

 

2nd Year Maintenance

 

 

37020

4070

41090

156

 

3rd Year Maintenance

 

 

37020

3332

40352

156

 

4th Year Maintenance

 

 

37020

3332

40352

156

9

Melia Dubia (Malabar Vepa)

3X3

444

130775

24130

154905

337

 

1st Year Establishment

 

 

50855

16277

67132

215

 

2nd Year Maintenance

 

 

26604

3058

29662

112

 

3rd Year Maintenance

 

 

26604

2398

29002

112

 

4th Year Maintenance

 

 

26604

2398

29002

112

10

Bamboo

5X5

160

37678

50149

87827

81

 

1st Year Establishment

 

 

18478

17189

35667

78

 

2nd Year Maintenance

 

 

9600

11680

21280

41

 

3rd Year Maintenance

 

 

9600

21280

30880

41