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HORTICULTURE AND SERICULTURE

The major Horticulture crops grown in the district are fruit crops like Mango, Acid Lime, Sapota, Spices Turmeric, Chilli and Vegetables. The Major Irrigation sources for Horticulture Crops are Open wells and Bore wells.

Schemes being implemented by Horticulture & Sericulture Department

  1. Telangana State Micro Irrigation Project (TSMIP)
  2. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
  • State Plan
  1. Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)
  2. Sericulture
  3. National Bamboo Mission (NBM)

VII. Sub-Mission of Agro Forestry (SMAF)

  1. Telangana State Micro Irrigation Project (TSMIP) :

Objectives of Micro Irrigation Project:

  • Productivity enhancement & Quality improvement.
  • Improving water& Fertilizer use efficiency.
  • Improving Energy & Labour efficiency.
  • Produce more with less water.

Advantages of Micro Irrigation:

  • Water saving.
  • Enhanced plant growth and yield.
  • Saving in labour and energy.
  • Most suitable to poor soils.
  • Control of weeds.
  • Economy in cultural practices and easy operations.
  • Possibility of using saline water.
  • Improves fertilizer efficiency.
  • Flexibility in operation.
  • No soil erosion.
  • No land preparation.
  • Minimized the diseases and pest problems.

 Components of Micro Irrigation:

  • Drip Irrigation for wide spaced crops (Online)
  • Drip Irrigation for closed spaced crops (Inline)
  • Mini & Micro Sprinklers

Portable, Semi Permanent sprinklers

Subsidy Pattern:

All category farmers in revenue village irrespective of their economic status are eligible for Drip Irrigation / Micro Irrigation systems up to 5 ha or land holding possessed by the farmers in Title Deed, whichever is less, with the following subsidy pattern:

  • All SC/ST Farmers are eligible for 100% subsidy.
  • All BC farmers are eligible for 90% subsidy.
  • All Small/Marginal farmers irrespective of farmer category are eligible for 90% subsidy.
  • All big farmers of other caste are eligible for 80%.
  • Portable Sprinklers for all category farmers are eligible for 75% subsidy limited to 1 ha in case of Portable sprinklers 75% subsidy. Unit cost Rs.17,838/-, subsidy Rs.12503/- and Non Subsidy Rs.5335/-.
  1. Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)

             The following schemes are implemented under MIDH

  1. Establishment of New gardens.
  2. 2nd and 3rd year maintenance of newly established gardens.
  3. Creation of water resources – Farm Ponds
  4. Protected Cultivation
  5. a) Mulching
  6. Horticulture Mechanization
  1. Power Saws
  2. Tractor Mounted Sprayers
    1. Front Line Demonstrations –Mango and Dragon fruit.

Pattern of Assistance

Sl. No Item Crop Pattern of Assistance
1 Area Expansion of Fruit Crops Mango 40% subsidy of the total cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 16,400/-ha limited to 4 ha per beneficiary.

1st Year : Rs. 9,840/-,

2nd Year : Rs. 3,280/-

3rd Year : Rs. 3,280/-

    Guava 40% subsidy of the total cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 29,331/-ha limited to 4 ha per beneficiary.

1st Year : Rs.17,600/-,

2nd Year : Rs. 5,866/-

3rd Year : Rs. 5,866/-

    Acid Lime 40% subsidy of the total cost subject to a maximum of Rs. 17,003/-ha limited to 4 ha per beneficiary.

1st Year : Rs.9,601/-,

2nd Year : Rs. 3,701/-

3rd Year : Rs. 3,701/-

2 Farm Ponds Horticulture Crops 50% subsidy of the total cost limited to Rs.75,000/- for individual Farm Ponds.
3 Protected Cultivation (Mulching) Horticulture Crops 50% subsidy of the total cost limited to Rs.16,000/- per Ha. for each beneficiary maximum 2 Ha.
4 Horticulture Mechanization    
a) Power Saws Fruit Crops 40 % of the Cost, Subject to a maximum of Rs.1.00 lakh/unit for general category farmers and 50% of the Cost in case of SC, ST, Small and marginal farmers, women farmers, subject to max. of Rs.1.25 lakh per unit.
b) Tractor Mounted Sprayer Fruit Crops 40% of the Cost, subject to a maximum of Rs.0.50 lakh/unit for general category farmers and 50% of the cost in the case of SC, ST, Small & Marginal farmers, women farmers, subject of a maximum of Rs. 0.63 lakh/unit.

5

Ultra High Density with raised bed technology & weed mat Mango Unit Cost Rs. 3.67 Lakhs per Ha.75% subsidy i.e., Rs.2.75 lakhs per Ha.
  1. STATE PLAN
  2. a) POLY HOUSE

                 AIM OF SCHEME:

  1. Promotion of high value horticultural crops
  2. Year around production of vegetables and flowers

                SUBSIDY PATTERN:

  • General Farmers: 75% subsidy for construction of Poly Houses up to 3 acres.

For Poly House Unit Cost Rs. 33.76 Lakhs, Subsidy limited to Rs.25.32 Lakhs, Non Subsidy Rs.8.44 Lakhs

  • SC/ST Farmers: 95% subsidy for construction of Poly Houses up to 3 acres.

For Poly House Unit Cost Rs. 33.76 Lakhs, Subsidy limited to Rs.32.07 Lakhs, Non Subsidy Rs.1.69 Lakhs

  • Assistance for Plant Material, Bed preparation and Inputs for all category farmers 75% subsidy. The assistance may vary depending on the high value horticulture crops grown in the Poly House.

Mandal wise Poly Houses in Mahabubabad District

Sl. No. Name of the Mandal No. of Ben. Area in Acres
1 Thorrur 4 4.00
2 Kuravi 1 0.51
3 Nellikudur 1 0.81
  Total 6 5.28
  1. b) NET HOUSE

AIM OF SCHEME:

  1. To enhance the productivity per unit area
  2. Year around production of vegetables and flowers

SUBSIDY PATTERN

  • SC/ST Farmers : 95% subsidy for construction of Net Houses

For Net House Unit Cost Rs. 10.89 Lakhs, Subsidy limited to Rs.10.35 Lakhs, Non Subsidy Rs.0.54 Lakhs

  • Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY)

1) Permanent Pandal

Aims and Objectives:

  1. Promotion of creeper vegetables like gourds on pandals.
  2. Enhancing the productivity of creeper vegetables per unit area.
  3. Enhancing quality of vegetable produce by reduced pest & disease incidence.
  4. To support the farmers to establish permanent pandals for creeper vegetable cultivation

Pattern of Assistance:

1) 50% assistance on total construction cost of the Permanent pandal, subject to maximum of  Rs.1,00,000/- per Acre.

 2) Protected cultivation – Mulching

Aims and Objectives:

  • To encourage the Horticulture farmers towards plastic mulching in cultivation of horticulture crops.

      Pattern of Assistance:

                         50% assistance, subject to maximum of   Rs.16,000/- per Ha.

  1. SERICULTURE

          Sericulture in Mahabubabad is a sustainable farm based economic enterprise positively favouring the rural poor in the unorganized sector because of its relatively low requirement of fixed capital, and higher returns at frequent intervals on investment.  One acre of mulberry generates a steady income to a farmer with an average of Rs.1,00,000/-annually in 4 to 5 crops. The industry has an immense potential of generating employment for not less than (5) persons per acre throughout the year, both directly and indirectly.  An important feature of Sericulture industry is involvement of female labour for more than 60% in silkworm rearing and cocoon reeling, which are critical operations in the silk production.

          In Mahabubabad District Mulberry Cocoons is produced by the farmers. Mulberry cocoons are produced by raising mulberry plantations and conducting silk worm rearing in their holdings. The Department arrange the required inputs and extend technical guidance to the farmers from time to time. 

  • A preferred alternate cash crop to the water stressed areas.
  • Sericulture gets regular monthly income to the sericulture farmers.
    • Sericulture is a predominantly a women-centric and economic cash crop.
    • Mulberry crop has less demand on chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
    • Suitable for small and marginal farmers, having limited land holdings.
    • Mulberry can be grown as an intercrop with other Horticulture crops.

          MULBERRY:

          Mulberry is a dry irrigatable crop that can be grown with minimum irrigation facilities. The climatically conditions and soils of Mahabubabad District are also suited for the cultivation of mulberry and silk worm rearing.

  1. NATIONAL BAMBOO MISSION

Bamboo is a versatile group of plants which is capable of providing ecological, economic and livelihood security to the people.

Objectives 

  • To increase the area under bamboo plantation in non forest Government and private lands to supplement farm income and contribute towards resilience to climate change as well as availability of quality raw material requirement of industries. The bamboo plantations will be promoted predominantly in farmers’ fields, homesteads, community lands, arable wastelands, and along irrigation canals, water bodies etc.
  • To improve post-harvest management through establishment of innovative primary processing units near the source of production, primary treatment and seasoning plants, preservation technologies and market infrastructure.
  • To promote product development keeping in view market demand, by assisting R&D, entrepreneurship & business models at micro, small and medium levels and feed bigger industry. 
  • To rejuvenate the under developed bamboo industry in India.
  • To promote skill development, capacity building, awareness generation for development of bamboo sector from production to market demand.
  • To realign efforts so as to reduce dependency on import of bamboo and bamboo products by way of improved productivity and suitability of domestic raw material for industry, so as to enhance income of the primary producers.

Uses of Bamboo

  • Building/ Construction material (Bamboo mat trays, flooring tiles, magazine holders, Bamboo strand lumber, doors, windows, frames, trusses, columns, pole support, furniture, flooring tiles, mat moulded skin for doors)
  • Raw material for pulp and paper industry
  • Furniture (Tables, chairs, Cots, Laptop boards, cabins etc.)
  • Textiles (Shirts, Towels, Tissue papers etc.)
  • Energy Production (Ethanol, Charcoal)

Bamboo boundary plantation (Private/Farmer field):

  • Spacing: 2m x 2m
  • of plants: 130 plants /acre
  • Unit cost: Rs. 240/- per plant = Rs. 240 x 130 = Rs. 31,200/- per acre
  • For farmers (50% subsidy) = Rs. 15,600/- per acre to be given over a period of 3 years
Year Subsidy Amount in Rs. Amount per plant (Rs.)

1st year

50% 7,800 60
2nd year 30% 4,680 36
3rd year 20% 3,120 24
  Total 15,600 120

VII. SUB-MISSION OF AGRO FORESTRY

Objectives

  • SMAF aims to increase greenery, carbon sequestration, organic matter and area.
  • Production of quality plant material.
  • Improvement in rural livelihood.
  • Enhancement of crop and cropping system.
  • Development of information system on area increase.
  • To encourage and expand tree plantations in agriculture farmlands
  • To ensure availability of quality planting material like seeds, seedlings (tissue culture plants) etc.
  • To popularise various Agro forestry practices/ models in farmers fields
  1. Agri Silviculture (Agriculture + Forestry)
  2. Agri Silvipastoral (Agriculture + Forestry + Grass land)
  3. Agri Horti Silviculture (Agriculture + Horticulture + Forestry)
  4. Horti Pastoral (Fruit tress + Grass Lands)
  • To provide extension support and capacity building on cultivation and marketing in Agro forestry sector.
  • Organizing trainings / workshops / exposure visits to the farmers/stakeholders and officials.
  • To create database on structure and setup, information and knowledge support in the area of Agro forestry.

Sandalwood block plantation (Private/ Farmers field)

  • Spacing: 3.5m x 3.5m
  • Plant population: 327 plants /acre
  • Unit cost: Rs. 12,000/- per acre
  • For farmers (50% subsidy) = Rs. 6,000/- per acre to be given over a period of 4 years

Year

Subsidy

Amount in Rs.

Amount per plant (Rs.)

1st year

40%

2,400

7.33

2nd year

20%

1,200

3.66

3rd year

20%

1,200

3.66

4th year

20%

1,200

3.66

 

Total

6,000

18.34

Casuarina:

  • Spacing: 1.5 m x 1.5 m
  • of plants: 1775 per acre
  • Unit cost: Rs. 20,000/- per acre
  • For farmers (50% subsidy) = Rs. 10,000/-

Year

Subsidy

Amount in Rs.

Amount per plant (Rs.)

1st year

40%

4,000

2.25

2nd year

20%

2,000

1.12

3rd year

20%

2,000

1.12

4th year

20%

2,000

1.12

 

Total

10,000

5.63