Agriculture is the most predominant sector of the District economy, as 60 percent of the population is engaged in Agriculture and allied activities for their livelihood. The gross cropped area of the district is 194248 Ha with 188902 no. of farm holdings major crops are Paddy, cotton, Maize, Pulses and Chilli. The Government policy and objectives have been to ensure stability in agricultural production and to increase the agricultural production in a sustainable manner to meet the food requirement of growing population and also to meet the raw material needs of agro based industries, thereby providing employment opportunities to the rural population. Mahabubabad District has all along been one of the Districts in the state with a creditable performance in agricultural production with the farmers relatively more responsive and receptive to changing technologies and market forces.
The Agriculture Department has taken up the challenge to achieve higher growth rate in agriculture by implementing several development schemes and also propagation of relevant technologies to step up the production through effective extension services while implementing various schemes such as Soil health management under National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture -NMSA, Integrated Farming Systems under RAD, Comprehensive water management activities including Water management through Micro Irrigation Systems under PMKSY, encouraging Organic farming under PKVY, increasing production and productivity under NFSM etc. Further, trainings and demonstrations at the field level are conducted from time to time with an objective of reducing the Cost of Cultivation by the adoption of Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) techniques. Besides, crop diversification to fetch better return and value addition to agricultural produce are also given priority to improve the economic status of the farming community of the district.
Different schemes are being implemented in our district to disseminate the advanced technologies for increasing productivity and production in all agricultural crops.
Centrally Sponsored Schemes:
- National Mission on Oilseeds and Oilpalm (NMOOP) – Oilseeds, Oilpalm and Tree Borne OilseedCrops.
- National Food Security Mission (NFSM)- Pulses,
- Cereals and Cotton Crops National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)
- Integrated Farming System –RAD (Rain Fed Area Development)
- Soil health card Scheme-Soil health management through the distribution of Micro nutrients based on soil health card.
- Sub Mission on Seeds and Planting Materials (SMSP)- Paddy, Pulses and Oilseeds – Certified Seed Distribution.
- Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)-To Encourage Organic Farming.
- Soil health management through the distribution of Micro nutrients based on soil health card.
Sub Mission on Seeds and Planting Materials (SMSP)- Paddy, Pulses and Oilseeds – Certified Seed Distribution.
- Pradhan Manthri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)- To expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies“(More crop per drop)”.
- Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM)- to promote agricultural mechanisation among small and marginal farmers and in the areas where the level of mechanisation is very low.
- Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) – The objective is to strengthen Research – Extension – Farmer linkages to ensure Technology Transfer through Demonstrations, Training and Exposure visit.
Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
The Scheme aims at supporting sustainable production in agriculture sector by way of providing financial support to farmers suffering crop loss/damage arising out of unforeseen events stabilizing the income of farmers to ensure their continuance in farming encouraging farmers to adopt innovative and modern agricultural practices ensuring flow of credit to the agriculture sector; which will contribute to food security, crop diversification and enhancing growth and competitiveness of agriculture sector besides protecting farmers from production risks.
PM KISAN – (PRADHAN MANTHRI KISAN SAMMAN NIDHI):
- The Government of India has introduced a new scheme called “PM KISAN” and it is being implemented from the month of March – 2019 for the year 2019-20 onwards and an amount of Rs. 6,000/- will be credited to the farmers account in 3 installments for an year, to take care of the initial investment needs of every farmer and the families of farmers having Agriculture land are eligible under this scheme.
National Food Security Mission (NFSM) :
- The National Food Security Mission (NFSM) during the 12th Five Year Plan will have four components (i) NFSM- Rice; (ii) NFSM-Pulses, (iii) NFSM- Coarse cereals and (iv)NFSM-Commercial Crops.
- The interventions covered under NFSM-Rice include Cluster Demonstrations on Improved package of practices, demonstration on cropping system, Seed Distribution of Hybrid Rice and HYVs
- The interventions covered under NFSM-Pulses include Cluster Demonstrations on improved package of Practices; Demonstration on cropping system, cropping system based training of farmers and new initiatives like distribution of seed mini kits of newer varieties of pulses free of cost to farmers, production of quality seed for enhancing pulses production and productivity.
Soil Health Cards:
- Soil is an important factor in crop production and productivity. In order to optimize the soil productivity, soil sampling and soil testing programme is organized in the systematic manner to evaluate the fertility status and to identify the soil problems (Salinity/ Acidity) if any.
- Farm Mechanization component of Normal State Plan (FM-NSP): It is proposed to supply various farm implements/ machinery i.e. Animal Drawn Implements, Tractor Drawn Implements, High Cost Machinery (Upto 1 lakh & 1 to 5 lakh), Mini Tractors, Post Harvest Equipment, Plant Protection Equipment, Inter-cultivation Equipment, HDPE Tarpaulins and establishment of Custom Hiring Centres for Paddy Land Preparation, Cotton, Maize, Paddy Harvesting package during 2020-21.
- The Government of Telangana introduced a new scheme called “Agriculture Investment Support Scheme” (“Rythu Bandhu”) is proposed to be implemented from the year 2018-19 onwards from the beginning of the Kharif (Vanakalam) season from date 10-05-2018, to take care of the initial investment needs of every farmer.
In order to ensure that the farmers don’t fall again in to the debt trap/ Private money lenders and to take care of the initial investment needs of every farmer to purchase seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, labour and for other investments.
Accordingly the department of Agriculture was distributed an amount of Rs.4000/- per Acre through cheques to the farmers during the Kharif-2018. The Mandal wise Cheques distribution details are as given below.
- Kharif 2018 :
S.no Name of Scheme Total Farmers Total Amount Cheques distributed formers Cheques distributed amount Remarks 1 Rythu Bandhu (Kharif 2018) 128965 128.75 Crores 120199 122.05 Crores As on 122.05 crores worth of Cheques distributed to 120199 farmers.Reamaining balance 8766 farmers cheques not distributed due to Deathcases.Not available in the Villages.
- Rabi-2018-19 Season:
Rythu Bandhu scheme amounts (for Rs.4000/- per Acre) were transferd through online directly to the farmers accounts during the Rabi-2018-19, nearly about for Rs. 127.31 Crores were transferred to 1,22,082 farmers accounts against the total farmers 1,34,335 with an amount of 136.68 Crores. Remaining balance 12,253 farmers data was pending.
Details of Rythu Bandhu Scheme during Rabi-2018-19.
S.no Name of Scheme Total Farmers Total Amount DBT Success (Amount Transferred) formers DBT Success (Amount Transferred) amount Remarks 1 Rythu Bandhu (Rabi-2018) 134335 1366868890 122082 1273130300 an Amount of Rs 127.31 crores has been transferred to 1,22,082 farmers accounts. Remaining 12,253 farmers data is under pending with an amount of Rs. 9.37 Crores.
- Kharif-2019 Season:
Government have enhanced the investment support amount from Rs.4000 to Rs.5000/- per Acre during Kharif -2019 onwards. The same amounts (for Rs.5000/- per Acre ) were transferd through online directly to the farmers accounts. During the Kharif-19 nearly about for Rs. 138.85 Crores were transferred to 1,14,471 farmers accounts against the total 1,43,426 farmers with an amount of 180.0Crores. Reamaining balance 28,955 farmers data was pending.
Details of Rythu Bandhu Scheme for Kharif 2019-20 as on 18-12-2019.
S.no Name of Scheme Total Farmers Total Amount DBT Success (Amount Transferred) formers DBT Success (Amount Transferred) amount Remarks 1 Rythu Bandhu (Kharif 2019) 1,43,426 180.00 Crore 1,14,471 138.85 Crores An Amount of Rs 138.85 crores has been transferred to 1,14,471 farmers accounts. Remaining 28,955 farmers data is under progress with an amount of Rs. 41.23 Crores
It submit that the department of Agriculture has implementing the scheme during Rabi-2019-20. And nearly about for Rs. 104.91Crores Crores were transferred to 1,05,134 farmers accounts against the total 120219 farmers with an amount of 152.43 Crores. Remaining balance 15,085 farmers data was under Processing.
S.no Name of Scheme Total Farmers Total Amount Sent to Treasury of farmers Sent to Treasury amount DBT Success (Amount Transferred) formers DBT Success (Amount Transferred) amount Remarks 1 Rythu Bandhu (Rabi 2019-20) 120219 152.43 Crore 1,09,951 115.33 Crores 1,05,134 104.91Crores As on 02.03.2020 an Amount of Rs 104.91 crores has been transferred to 1,05,134 farmers accounts. Remaining 15,085 farmers data is under progress with an amount of Rs. 66.98Crores
- The Government of Telangana have introduced prestigious Scheme of “ Rythu Bandhu Farmer Group Life Insurance Scheme for Farmers” for the welfare of farming community in the state. The main objective of the Scheme is to provide immediate and adequate financial relief to family Members/ dependents of the farmer in case of his/ her death due to any reason. Majority of the farmers are small and marginal farmers and farming is the sole source of livelihood to them. In the event of death of the bread winner, the dependent family members will land in dire financial problems. This scheme has been formulated by the Government with a view to insulate them by providing immediate relief.
The main objective of the Scheme is to provide immediate and adequate financial relief to family Members/ dependents of the farmer in case of his/ her death due to any reason. Majority of the farmers are small and marginal farmers and farming is the sole source of livelihood to them. In the event of death of the bread winner, the dependent family members will land in dire financial problems. This scheme has been formulated by the Government with a view to insulate them by providing immediate relief.
Details of Rythu Bima Scheme for the year 2018-19.
Sl. No. Total No. of Farmers enrolled under Rythu Bima Scheme Total No. of Death Claims sent to LIC Total No. of Claims Settled Claims pending Total Amount Transferred to Nominee Account (Rs. in Crors) 1 100344 460 443 17 22.15
Details of Rythu Bima Scheme for the year 2019-20.
Sl. No. Total No. of Farmers enrolled under Rythu Bima Scheme Total No. of Death Claims sent to LIC Total No. of Claims Settled Claims pending Total Amount Transferred to Nominee Account (Rs. in Crors) 1 104712 202 172 30 8.60
Seed village programme(SVP) :
- Seed village programme is aimed at empowerment of farmers in methodology of seed production. Sufficient quality seed can be produced by multiplication of foundation seed to meet the local requirement at reasonable cost to the farmers.